By Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez
This book is an authoritative research of the social and fiscal implications of world elevated lifestyles expectancy. will we offer adequate pensions for previous humans to reside comfortably? How can outdated humans be empowered to play a extra confident function in society? what's going to the function of grandparents be within the rising new social structures? What are the consequences for future health providers? How can the very previous be cared for? supplying a wealth of statistical and quantitative proof and compiled by way of major economists operating on the leading edge of this quarter, the authors argue that those demanding situations aren't insurmountable, yet societies in every single place have to installed position the mandatory guidelines to confront those demanding situations successfully.
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Total number (thousands) France Germanv Italy Jaoan Russian Federation United Kinadom United States Europe European Union 525 11 400 660 I I I I I 33487 35756 2634 I 6384 100137 I 17141 27952 1200 I 41 800 23530 I I 4 2 8 297 I I 47 456 312 135 22 760 I I I 1 16 361 France Germany Italy Japan Russian Federation I United Kingdom United States Europe 1 European Union I 0 7417 I 1 5459 25209 19610 1473 17838 12944 I 508 48 116 1 1821 I 863 I I 93 794 188 497 119684 I I 553 495 257 110 6247 I 59 775 17967 161 346 I 1 386 151 I I 79 605 I 609 I I 650 114 327 I 2 934 1447 I I 592 757 700 506 I 10064 I I 4 675 1087 10 777 I 25 203 12736 I I Source: United Nations (2004) levels of net migration gains would need to be much higher than in the recent past.
Adding the dependent children is expected to a total dependency 32 Ageing and Development ratio of 72 in 2050, a level that is 37 per cent higher than the average value of this same ratio for the developed countries between 1950 and 2005. The trends in dependency ratios in the countries with economies in transition are similar to those in the developed countries. After having changed little from 56 dependants per 100 persons aged 15-64 in 1950 to 54 dependants in 1975, and then declining to a historic low point of 42 dependants in 2010, the total dependency ratio is projected to increase to 49 in 2025 and then to 61 in 2050.
Trends of declining fertility and mortality rates, as described in chapter 11, help to explain profound changes in the size and composition of the nuclear family associated to the decreasing importance of extended families in many parts of the world. Rapid migration from rural to urban areas, mainly as a result of industrialization processes, has been a contributing factor to the decreasing importance of the extended family. More recently, large flows of international migrants have further contributed to this trend.