By Je Tsongkhapa, Thupten Jinpa Ph.D. Ph.D., Kilty Galvin
Tsongkhapa's A Lamp to light up the 5 Stages (1419) is a accomplished presentation of the top yoga category of Buddhist tantra, specially the main practices - the so-called 5 levels (pancakrama) - of the complicated section of Guhyasamaja tantra. starting with a radical exam of the Indian assets, Tsongkhapa attracts really from the writings of Nagarjuna, Aryadeva, Candrakirti, and Naropa to increase a definitive figuring out of the Vajrayana final touch degree. while within the new release level, meditators visualize the Buddha within the kind of the deity dwelling in a mandala palace, within the crowning glory level mentioned within the current quantity, meditators go beyond traditional attention and actualize the country of a buddha themselves. between different issues, Tsongkhapa's paintings covers the delicate human body structure of channels and winds besides the method of death, the bardo, and rebirth. This definitive assertion on Guhyasamaja tantra profoundly affected the process Buddhist perform in Tibet.
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Extra resources for A Lamp to Illuminate the Five Stages: Teachings on Guhyasamaja Tantra
In general terms, there was disagreement on what intrinsic characteristics delineated the class of highest yoga tantra into father tantra and mother tantra. It was this mass of seeming confusion that Tsongkhapa faced when he composed this work—his last, incidentally, before he died. Tsongkhapa therefore begins this work with an examination of the criteria 14 A Lamp to Illum inate the Five Stages for dividing highest yoga tantra into mother and father tantras. His approach here, and in all sections of this book, is to take prevailing assertions of the time, examine them using reasoning and the support of valid scripture, and come to a decisive position, which he then takes as his own position.
48 Specific explanation o f Guhyasamaja 1. Understanding the Root Tantra and the Later Tantra19and the catalog of the explanatory tantras 2. The teachings of the explanatory tantras Specific Explanation o f Guhyasamaja M ethod Tantra 45 Understanding the Root Tantra and the Later Tantra and the catalog o f the explanatory tantras The commentary to the Vajra Garland50 explains that the Guhyasamaja has an extensive tantra of 25,000 verses and a condensed tantra of 1,800 verses in eighteen chapters.
They are both root tantras and therefore ought not to be regarded as earlier and later root tantras. The term root in “root tantra” has three explanations. Just as the trunk of a tree can be called a root when compared to its branches, a tantra is a root tantra compared to its branch tantras. Just as the first owner is called the root owner, a tantra is a root tantra compared to its later tantra in terms of time. Just as we say “root and commentary,” a tantra is a root tantra when com pared to its explanatory tantras.