A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre

By International Development Research Centre

Booklet by means of foreign improvement learn Centre

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Extra resources for A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China

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Roles of stakeholders in the functions of China’s NSI In Tables 4–8, we explore the roles of different stakeholders in China‘s NSI to the extent that we are able to do so given our brief visit to the country. We use a series of tables (matrices) to map out the different functions of the NSI and demonstrate that this mode of analysis can be performed at different levels of generality (such as at the level of the whole system), for some subset of issues (such as financing issues), or for some subset of stakeholders (such as government institutions).

From experience in both industrialized and developing countries, the five most common needs of small- and medium-scale enterprises (of which there must be many in China) are the following: – Access to finance [and China has already a variety of schemes at the national, provincial, and municipal levels]; – Access to management training; – Access to market information and to markets; – Access to skills upgrading for employees affected by technological change in the workplace; and – Access to best-practice technology, with best practice defined in terms of the acquiring enterprise‘s capacity to absorb the technology in question.

This conference marked the beginning of the S&T-reform process, which still continues today. Although the conference attempted to set a broad and ambitious research agenda for basic science and high technology (an agenda that was postponed and then abandoned within a year of its announcement), the conference‘s greatest significance was ideological. In an attempt to reverse the low status of science — and of scientists and engineers — that had resulted from onslaughts against technical intellectuals during the Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping‘s speech at the conference celebrated the roles of scientists and engineers in society by making it clear that S&T was the principal ―productive force‖ (and not part of the ―superstructure‖).

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